Diabetic RetinopathyDiabetic patients have a wide range of visual problems, that vary between temporary to permanent vısual loss.Temporary visual loss occur due to fluctuations of blood sugar levels.Treating and balancing fluctuating blood sugar level of a patient or vice versa cause alterations in his/her visual acquity,thus creating complaints about the current eyegalasses and about frequent changes of his/her refractive error.
The most seen ocular problem in diabetic patients is diabetic retinopaty (DRP). DRP is the common cause of blindness in the world between 20-65 ages.
DRP is called the harm of diabetes to the retinal layer.Diagnosing the first sings of DRP in retina is İndictive of diabetic harm in other organs as well.
The retinapothy causes no visual symptoms until late stages,where they disturb the everyday life of patients in an advanced stage.This can be avoided by regular ophthalmologic visits where patients have the chance to get a diagnosis and treatment in early phases of DRP.Having a balanced blood sugar level is as important as regular ophthalmologic visits.Early diagnosis, regular follow up and a stable blood sugar level can prevent DRP to ocur.
Patients having a stable blood sugar level and no diagnosed DRP can have yearly ophthalmological examinations.Patients with DRP who have fluctuating levels of blood sugar or pregnancy should have more freguent ophthalmological examinations. OCT and FFA can also be performed during examinations.For early stages of DRP Argon Laser Photocoaglulation, intravitreal ranibizumab (Lucentis) or bevacizumab (Avastin) injections are indicated whereas for late stages vitrectomy operation is indicated.