The only treatment method of cataract is surgery. It is impossible to prevent cataract formation but using sunglasses tend to slow its progression. Today a cataract surgery is performed under topical anesthesia without hospitalisation.
The surgery can be done when the patients vision affects his/her daily life or the visual acquity between 2 eyes differ distinctly.
The surgery is performed under topical anesthesia under microscope using phacoemulsification (PHACO) technique.
Phaco technique uses ultrasound waves to fractionate cataracteous lens, the fractions are sucked, an artifical intraocular lens is placed. An 2.5mm cut is made into the cornea nad then left unsutured. The eye is dressed after surgery, postoperative prescription recipe is written to the patient and he/she is called for a posoperative first day control.
A distinct increase in vision is expected after surgery. The maximum visual acquity is reached in 1 month but in some cases even a successful surgery yields no visual gain. This case can be encountered in AMD patients, whose treatment and tests are planned then.